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Religious Myth 5:

We have the same text of the Torah, letter for letter, as given on Mt. Sinai

The Facts:

  • Kiddushin 30A says that we no longer know whether various optional letters like vav and yud should be in the text or not.

  • There is a tradition that in the time of one of the kings that worshipped Baal that the Torah was so suppressed that afterwards the Sages had to reconstruct the text from the three copies they could find using majority rule.

  • There are over 100 differences between the currently used text and some of the known medieval manuscripts. The Leningrad codex is 48 letters longer than the Koren edition. If the Leningrad codex is used, the WRR result becomes 1000 times less significant.